重庆家教、小学初中高中家教首选重庆书之香
17周年钜惠
  •   1)the book is on the table

  • 来源:重庆书之香 日期:2015-01-10
  • 主谓一致agreement

    知识要点:

    的句子中,谓语动词的形式应与主语人称和数保持一致。如何判定则要看句子意思。多数情况下,根据句子主语形式就能判定,但有则要看整句的意思及强调内容。下面我们就常用的、易混的几种情况作一下解释。

    1、以单数名词或代词不定式、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。如:

    1)the book is on the table.

    2)he is reading english.

    3)to work hard is necessary.(it is necessary to work hard.)

    4)how you get there is a problem.

    2、复数主语跟复数动词。如:

    children like to play toys.

    3倒装句中动词的数应和它后面的主语的数一致。如以here,there开头,be 动词与后面第一个名词一致。如:

    1)there is a dog near the door.

    2)there were no schools in this area before liberation.

    3)here comes the bus.

    4)on the wall were two famous paintings.

    5)here is mr brown and his children.

    4and连接两个或两个以上的并列主语时,谓语动词用复数。如果主语后跟有with, together with, except, but, perhaps , like, including as well as no less than more than, rather than等引起的短语谓语动词仍与短语前主语的形式保持一致。如:

    1)jane, mary and i are good friends.

    2)he and my father work in the same factory.

    3)his sister, no less than you is wrong.

    4)the father, rather than the brothers, is responsible for the accident.

    5)he like you and xiao liu is very diligent.

    6)every picture except these two has been sold.

    7)alice with her parents often goes to the park on sundays.

    8)alice as well as her friends was invited to the concert.

    9)nobody but mary and i was in the classroom at that time.

    5、并列主语如果指同一个人、同一事物或同一概念时,谓语动词用单数,and后面名词没有冠词。如:

    1)the writer and worker is coming to our school tomorrow.

    这位工人作家明天要来我们学校。

    2)bread and butter is their daily food.

    面包和黄油他们每日的食品。

    3)the writer and the worker are coming to our school tomorrow.

    那位作家和那位工人明天将来我们学校。(两个人)

    6、and连接并列单数名词前如有each, every, no, many a修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。如:

    1)every boy and girl has been invited to the party.

    所有的孩子都被邀请参加这次聚会。

    2)no teacher and no student is absent today.

    今天没有

    老师和

    学生缺席。

    3)many a student is busy with their lessons.

    许许多多学生都忙着

    他们的功课。

    7、each, either, one another, the other, neither作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

    1)each takes a cup of tea.

    2)either is correct.

    3)neither of them likes this picture.

    8、由every, some any, no构成的合成代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

    1)is everyone here?

    2)nothing is to be done. 没有什么要干事儿了。

    9、关系代词who, that which等在定语从句中作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。如:

    1)those who want to go please sign their names here.

    2)anyone who is against this opinion may speak out.

    3)he is one of the students who were praised at the meeting.

    10、表示距离、价格、度量衡等复数名词或短语作为一个整体看待时其谓语动词常用单数形式。如:

    1)three years is not a long time.

    2)ten dollars is what he needs.

    3)five hundred miles is a long distance.

    11、复数形式专有名词作为整体看待(如人名、地点、国家、组织、书籍、报刊等)动词用单数形式。如:

    1)the united states is in north america.

    2)the united nations has passed a resolution(决议)。

    3)“the arabian nights”(天方夜谭)is an interesting book.

    12、有些集体名词如family, team, group, class, audience(听众,观众),government等作主语时,如看作一个整体,谓语动词则用单数形式;如强调各个成员时,谓语动词要用复数形式。如:

    1)my family is going to have a long journey.

    我家要进行一次长途旅行。

    2)my family are fond of music.

    我家人都喜欢音乐。

    3)the class has won the honour.

    这班获得了荣誉。

    4)the class were jumping for joy.

    全班同学都高兴得跳了起来。

    13、all, more, most, some any, none half, the rest等作主语时既可表示复数意义,也可表示单数意义谓语动词要根据实际情况而定。如:

    1)all of the apple is rotten. 整个苹果都烂了。

    2)all of the apples are rotten. 所有的苹果都烂了。

    3)most of the wood was used to make furniture (家具)。

    14、the + 形容词(或分词)作主语时,常指一类人,谓语动词用复数形式。如指抽象概念,谓语动词则用单数形式。如:

    1)the young are usually very active. 年轻人通常很活跃的。

    2)the wounded are being taken good care of here now.

    现在伤病员们在这里受到了很好照顾。

    15、or either…or… neither…nor… whether…or, not only…but (also)连接的主语谓语动词与后一个主语一致。如:

    1)either you or i am going to the movies.

    2)not only you but also he is wrong.

    16不可数名词没有复数形式,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

    1)water is a kind of matter.

    2)the news at six o’clock is true.

    17、集合名词如:people, police cattle等作主语,谓语动词用复数形式。如:

    1)the police are searching for him.

    2)the cattle are grassing (吃草)。

    18、population当人口讲时,谓语动词用单数形式;当人们讲时,谓语动词用复数。如:

    1)the population of china is larger than that of japan.

    2)one third of the population here are workers.

    19、the number of + 名词复数,表示“…的数字”,作主语时谓语动词用单数形式;a (large / great) number of + 名词复数,表示许多,作主语时;谓语动词用复数形式。

    1)the number of the students in our school is increasing year after year.

    2)a number of students have gone for an outing.

    20means politics, physics plastics等作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

    【专项训练】

    1、nothing but cars in the shop.

    a.is sold b.are sold c.were sold d.are going to sell

    2、no one except jack and tom the answer.

    a.know b.knows c.is knowing d.are known

    3seventy percent of the students in our school from the countryside.

    a.is b.are c.comes d.are coming

    4、 of the money used up.

    a.three-five, are b.three-fifths, have been

    c.three-fifths, has been d.third-fifths is

    5、the number of the people who cars increasing.

    a.owns, are b.owns, is c.own, is d.own are

    6one of marx’s works written in english in the 1860s.

    a.was b.were c.would be d.are

    7、the sheets for your bed washing.

    a.needs b.are needing c.want d.are wanting

    8on each side of the street a lot of trees.

    a.stands b.grow c.is standing d.are grown

    9some person calling for you at the gate.

    a.are b.is c.is being d.will be

    10、all that can be eaten eaten up.

    a.are being b.has been c.had been d.have been

    11、tom’s teacher and friend mr. smith.

    a.are b.is c.are being d.has

    12、your new clothes fit you but mine me.

    a.doesn’t fit b.don’t fit c.doesn’t fit for d.don’t fit for

    13neither he nor i for the plan.

    a.am b.are c.is d.were

    14、many a student that mistake before.

    a.has made b.have made c.has been made d.had made

    15、peter perhaps john, playing with the little dog.

    a.is b.are c.were d.seems

    16laying eggs the ant queen’s full-time job.

    a.is b.are c.has d.have

    17、between the two buildings a monument.

    a.stand b.stands c.standing d.is standing

    18、i, who your good friend will share your joys and sorrow.

    a.am b.is c.are d.was

    19、the united nations in 1945.

    a.were found b.were founded c.was founded d.was found

    20 were also invited to the party.

    a.mr smith b.the smith c.the smiths d.smiths

    21、the glass works in 1959.

    a.were set up b.was set up c.were put up d.were built

    22、three hours with your girl friend to be a short time.

    a.seem b.seems c.is seeming

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